After noon on Wednesday, the international chapter of the 56th IDEA Colloquium with the presentation of former Minister Susana Malcorra had already entered, Foreign Minister Felipe Solá exposed the harsh reality facing foreign policy in the current context.
“We are in a pandemic and we do what we can,” he began by saying to later explain that today democracies are unstable because “they cannot respond to the demands of the people. The future is in the post-pandemic, he said. “I wish we were all equally concerned, (that way) it would lower” the contagion.
Unlike other speakers, the foreign minister said that Argentina always punished itself, but that “since 1983 it has had an important political stability.” There is a tendency to respect human rights and there is debate, and Argentina allows it to be inspected, he said.
When talking about the indebtedness, he repeated concepts given in his presentation on Tuesday at the Argentine Council of International Relations (CARI), in which he said that the indebtedness of the families led to the disaster of 2008, the subprime crisis “and the exit The subprime crisis has not yet occurred because the international financial system has not changed. ” And he said that there are highly indebted developing nations – Argentina is the case – and the indebtedness in those countries “collaborates in the bad sense of the word so that their democracies are much less stable.”
Solá also got somewhat cryptically into statements that seemed to point toward the United States, without naming them. Because he said, as if lamenting, that “Latin America is divided. The serious thing is that an agenda of integration and relationship was set aside in every sense, in infrastructure, trade, in production, in thinking and acting as an outward bloc.”
There then he argued: “Those values are left aside at this time, and the only reason that supposedly divides is what they think of a country, of Venezuela” and based on that the countries divide and forget the other assets that I mentioned. ”
So Solá concluded: “The question is: who should we fight over what is happening in Venezuela? Who installed the reason why one is a friend or not a friend of another neighboring or Latin American country? That is the answer that I leave for this debate, this Colloquium of IDEA “.
The foreign minister highlighted as central the search in foreign relations for a “greater degree of autonomy” which is not easy and depends on the degree of economic development, he remarked. And he pointed to the centrality of exports as a mode of growth and economic engine.
Solá spoke from the Buenos Aires Convention Center. He said that Argentina promoted multilateralism and that it was necessary to insist with Mercosur, and requested “rules” for the World Trade Organization.
Argentina, between the United States and China
For her part, former Foreign Minister Susana Malcorra quickly sought in her speech to talk about the problems facing the world today not only because of the pandemic but also because of the conflict between the United States and China, which she did not want to describe as “another Cold War.” She said that in that rivalry Argentina should stand in a balance between one and the other according to its national interests.
“If the crack deepens it will not be a problem only for Argentina. This presents a challenge for the world. Notice that Europe is having problems with 5G,” he said and continued. “Countries in Europe that had already opted for Chinese technology are suffering pressure from the United States,” he said and before the presidential elections between Donald Trump and Joseph Biden, he considered that due to state policies the underlying problem will not change but evaluated that the Democrats could cool down the modes of conflict.
The former minister asked to think about Argentina in the long term as a way to overcome the political rift and the strong criticism that this country is experiencing today.
Malcorra lives in Spain and from there she was interviewed by Javier Goñi, director of IDEA and general manager of Ledesma, who was in Buenos Aires.